The impact of technology on society cannot be overstated. In fact, without the advances in technology that we have seen over time, we would still be living in a very different world to what we now enjoy. We would not be able to drive our cars, see a movie in the theaters, or check our email without using a computer. The use of the telephone, television, radio, and other new technologies were an immediate response to the Industrial Revolution.
One of the most important inventions of the Civil War was the telegraph. In the statement of a surgeon before the United States entered the Civil War, he stated that the telegraph was the greatest thing that had ever happened to him. He went on to state that the telegraph changed his life and that without it he “would not have secured a place in society.” The surgeon, Thomas Walker, went on to say that he never saw a battle field that did not require the use of telegraphing equipment.
Just as the telegraph changed the way that warfare was conducted, so did the use of the telegraph and the ability to wire a larger number of troops or more troops quickly to move towards a particular objective. During the Civil War, this led to the creation of much greater battlefield surveillance due to the telegraph. In addition, other innovations such as smoke signals, field markings, and fire arms were created to better the chances of military success. There is no question that without the use of these technologies, the war could not have been won. The use of radar and its application to strategic fire-fights came later during World War Two. In both World Wars, advances in technology helped to reduce casualties and lengthen the conflict.
Although railroads were originally built for the transport of goods and the movement of troops and supplies to and from battle fields, they were also crucial to the success of the Civil War. They were used to aid both the Union and the Confederates in their efforts to capture the vital railroads that helped determine the outcome of each battle. The Union was in short supply in many areas of the country and the telegraph helped greatly in allowing trains to bring provisions and troops to the battlefield. In addition, the telegraph allowed those troops to communicate with the outside world. It allowed them to send word of the latest events and rumors that changed the course of the Civil War.
The use of the telegraph and the railroad were not the only inventions that aided the Union cause. Many new inventions were made to improve the combat effectiveness of the Union troops. One of the most important inventions was the submarine. The Union navy was very weak in comparison to the Confederate’s vast ocean fleet. As a result, the Union needed to develop new weapons to put into the hands of their troops. One such weapon was the new submarine.
Most of the Union’s battles were fought at the mercy of their navy. However, as the war progressed, the Union began to perfect weapons and equipment for naval warfare including the development of new steam powered engines that could be used to propel large caliber cannons. Early in the Civil War, these steam engines were referred to as whaleboats. During this period of development the Union discovered that there were several factors that greatly influenced the success of a steam engine in naval warfare.
One of these factors was the ability of these engines to run long distances without slowing down. It was discovered that the longer the distance that the locomotive ran the more power it could generate. After the war, these steam engines were used to power new construction and modifications to existing warships. The Union was also able to use these engines to power short range warships such as destroyers. These shorter ranged warships, such as the Monitor and cutter were much less costly than most warships in the Civil War. They could attack quickly and were also more successful at sinking larger enemy ships.
During the end of the Civil War there were two technologies in place that were directly related to the advancements that took place in the United States. One of these technologies was the development of the railroads, which led to the development of the Mississippi Delta. The other technology was the development of the minie ball which was an improved version of the railroads technology. Both technologies eventually came together and form the basis of what we know today as the modern railroad system.